Ancient Beginnings of Halloween

Halloween’s beginnings date back to the old Celtic celebration of Samhain (pronounced sow-in). The Celts, that lived 2,000 years back, mainly in the area that is currently Ireland, the United Kingdom and also northern France, commemorated their brand-new year on November 1.
This day marked completion of summer as well as the harvest as well as the beginning of the dark, cool wintertime, a time of year that was commonly associated with human fatality. Celts believed that on the night before the new year, the border between the worlds of the living as well as the dead ended up being blurred. On the night of October 31 they celebrated Samhain, when it was believed that the ghosts of the dead returned to earth.


Along with causing trouble and damaging crops, Celts assumed that the presence of the otherworldly spirits made it less complicated for the Druids, or Celtic priests, to make predictions concerning the future. For a people entirely dependent on the unstable environment, these prophecies were a vital resource of convenience throughout the long, dark winter.
To honor the event, Druids built big spiritual bonfires, where the people collected to shed crops and pets as sacrifices to the Celtic deities. Throughout the event, the Celts wore costumes, commonly consisting of animal heads and also skins, and tried to tell each other’s lot of money.

When the party was over, they re-lit their fireplace fires, which they had actually extinguished earlier that evening, from the sacred bonfire to help protect them throughout the coming winter season.
Did you know? One quarter of all the sweet marketed every year in the UNITED STATE is bought for Halloween.
By 43 A.D., the Roman Realm had conquered the majority of Celtic area. Throughout the 400 years that they ruled the Celtic lands, two celebrations of Roman beginning were combined with the traditional Celtic event of Samhain.
The initial was Feralia, a day in late October when the Romans generally honored the passing of the dead. The second was a day to honor Pomona, the Roman siren of fruit as well as trees. The symbol of Pomona is the apple, as well as the incorporation of this event into Samhain probably explains the custom of bobbing for apples that is practiced today on Halloween.

All Saints’ Day
On May 13, 609 A.D., Pope Boniface IV devoted the Pantheon in Rome in honor of all Christian martyrs, and the Catholic banquet of All Martyrs Day was developed in the Western church. Pope Gregory III later expanded the celebration to include all saints in addition to all saints, and moved the observation from May 13 to November 1.
By the 9th century, the impact of Christianity had spread out into Celtic lands, where it progressively combined with and supplanted older Celtic rites. In 1000 A.D., the church made November 2 All Souls’ Day, a day to honor the dead. It’s widely thought today that the church was attempting to replace the Celtic event of the dead with an associated, church-sanctioned holiday.
All Hearts’ Day was celebrated likewise to Samhain, with huge bonfires, ceremonies and dressing up in costumes as saints, angels and also evil ones. The All Saints’ Day event was likewise called All-hallows or All-hallowmas (from Middle English Alholowmesse meaning All Saints’ Day) and the night prior to it, the standard night of Samhain in the Celtic faith, started to be called All-Hallows Eve and also, at some point, Halloween

Link: https://www.history.com/topics/halloween/history-of-halloween