The Legend of Sleepy Hollow

The Tale of Sleepy Hollow resurfaces annually around Halloween. Washington Irving’s 1820 tale of a headless horseman that terrifies the real-life town of Drowsy Hollow is taken into consideration one of America’s very first ghost stories– and also among its scariest.
Yet Irving really did not design the suggestion of a brainless cyclist. Stories of brainless horsemen can be mapped to the Middle Ages, consisting of stories from the Brothers Grimm and the Dutch as well as Irish tale of the “Dullahan” or “Gan Ceann,” a Grim Reaper-like cyclist who lugs his head.
Elizabeth Bradley, a chronicler at Historical Hudson Valley, says a likely resource for Irving’s horseman can be discovered in Sir Walter Scott’s 1796 The Chase, which is a translation of the German poem Bush Huntsman by Gottfried Bürger as well as likely based upon Norse folklore.

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” Irving had actually just satisfied and also come to be friends with Scott in 1817 so it’s most likely he was affected by his brand-new coach’s work,” she states, “The poem has to do with a worthless seeker who is destined be hunted forever by the adversary as well as the ‘dogs of heck’ as punishment for his crimes.”

According to the New York City Historic Culture, others believe Irving was inspired by “an actual Hessian soldier that was beheaded by a cannonball during the Fight of White Plains, around Halloween 1776.”
Irving’s tale occurs in the New york city village of Sleepy Hollow, in Westchester County. In it, slender novice and schoolmaster Ichabod Crane courts Katrina van Tassel, a young heiress who is likewise being gone after by the Dutchman Brom Bones. After being rejected by Katrina at a party at the van Tassel farm where ghost stories are shared, Ichabod is chased by a brainless horseman (who may or may not be his opponent) that tosses a pumpkin at the man, tossing Ichabod from his equine. The schoolmaster disappears.

Irving might have drawn inspiration for his tale while a teenager in the Tarrytown region. He moved to the area in 1798 to take off a yellow high temperature episode in New york city City, according to the New York Historical Culture.

He “would have been introduced to local ghost stories and lore at an impressionable age,” Bradley says.“He cleverly weaves together factual locations—the Old Dutch Church and churchyard, ‘Major Andre’s Tree,’ some actual family names, including van Tassel and Ichabod Crane—and a little bit of Revolutionary War history with pure imagination and fantasy,” Bradley says. “It’s a melting pot of a story, and thus totally American.”

Link: https://www.history.com/news/legend-sleepy-hollow-headless-horseman